Writing an APA 6th edition abstract plays an essential role in academic writing and serves as an imperative skill for students, researchers, and professionals in social sciences. An abstract consists of a concise summary of a thesis, dissertation, or research paper. It has the purpose of giving a short overview touching upon the topic, purpose, methods, results, and hurdles of a research study. This article will delve into how to write an effective APA 6th edition abstract.
How to write an APA 6th edition abstract
The following five steps provide a quick guide to writing an abstract in APA style, the 6th edition to be precise.
- Topic: The statement should be introduced with a short summary of the research topic.
- Research objective: The objective of your research should involve the purpose, research question/hypothesis, and motivation for your research study.
- Used methods: It is important that the abstract include a summary of the methodology of your research. It typically includes the analysis and data collection of the study.
- Report of the results: Summed up, present the key findings of the research in the APA 6th edition abstract.
- Obstacles: In the concluding sentences, briefly discuss the uniqueness of your research and what implications occurred throughout the process.
The following table illustrates what should be included and what should not be included:
|What should be included||What should not be included|
|A concise research topic statement
The objective of the research
A brief outline of the methodology
Highlight the key findings or results
The significance and implications of the research
|Avoid an elaborated summary of the literature review
Don’t include references or citations
Avoid an in-depth summary of raw data or statistics
Avoid undefined abbreviations and acronyms
Don’t include graphics, tables, or figures
Formatting an APA 6th edition abstract
The APA 6th edition abstract follows specific formatting guidelines:
- It must be formatted as a single paragraph.
- The paragraph must be justified as a block.
- The headline must state “Abstract” and be centered.
- Use double-spacing.
- Don’t use indents.
- Don’t exceed a word count of 250.
Example of an APA 6th edition abstract
Following these guidelines will optimize your abstract. The goal of an abstract is to give a clear message of the purpose and importance of your study to the readers. It should represent a short but concise summary of your research. As your abstract is the first part of your paper, it’s vital to make a strong, compelling impression. It should accurately reflect the content of your paper, invite readers to delve deeper into your work, and contribute to the broader discourse in your field of study. Keep refining your abstract until it encapsulates your research concisely while remaining clear and readable.
The abstract should provide:
- A concise summary of the research question
- Key findings
The abstract should be formatted as one justified block, the headline should be centered, double-spacing, no indentation, and it should not exceed 250 words.
The abstract communicates the importance and significance of your research to the audience. Therefore, it is important to only include the key components of your research study.
1 Tuskegee University. “American Psychological Association (APA) Citation Style: How to Write an Abstract in APA 6th Edition Format.” February 09, 2023. https://tuskegee.libguides.com/c.php?g=546082&p=7353566.
2 Scott, Brian. “Format the Abstract Page in APA Style, 6th Edition.” Owlcation. April 27, 2022. https://owlcation.com/humanities/Format-the-Abstract-Page-in-APA-Style.